CESBIO - Centre d'Etudes Spatiales de la Biosphere
CESBIO is a joint laboratory of Centre National dʹEtudes Spatiales (CNES), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse (UPS). CESBIO was created in January 1995. It aims at developing knowledge on continental biosphere dynamics and functioning at various temporal and spatial scales. CESBIO main research activities are: (1) the study and modelling of water balance and ecosystem function, from local to global scales; (2) the understanding of the signal measured by satellite sensors and of its interaction with the atmosphere and surface targets; (3) the use of remotely sensed data to monitor and study vegetation and water balance at different space‐time scales. The team involved in this project gathers specialists in remote sensing and SVAT and integrated modelling. CESBIO manages a multiscale experimental protocol in both sites.
The Groupe d’Etude de l’Atmosphère Météorologique (GAME) of the Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques (CNRM) at Toulouse is part of the research center of Météo‐
DMN - Direction de la Météorologie Nationale
The main activities conducted at the Direction de la Meteorologie Nationale (DMN; Meteorological Office of Morocco) improve the numerical weather forecast, the long term prediction of rainfall and the forecast of natural risk. The ALADIN model of Meteo France is adapted to Morocco with a high resolution and called ALBACHIR. It allows a 48h weather forecast twice a day. The objective of the climatic studies is a monthly and a seasonal forecast of rainfall over Morocco. The other activities cover the use of radar and remote sensing observations in the weather forecast model, the monitoring of climatic risk for agro-meteorology applications and a program of cloud seeding. In addition, DMN, UCAM and CESBIO are involved in the Joint International Laboratory TREMA (2011]2014). Within the project, the DMN will be involved through (1) its meteorological research center (F. Driouech) that will conduct research studies on desagregation of climate scenario and impact of climate change on water resources and (2) its agro]meteorology application center (A. Saaidi, J. Jair) that will contribute to implement the hydrometeorological forecasting chain SAFRAN-ISBA-RAPID-MODCOU on the Tensift Basin.
UMR G‐Eau, created in 2005, develops a pluridisciplinary research with a very broad range of competences of human and environmental sciences on the various dimensions of water management, with a non‐restrictive focus on irrigated areas. Our long experience in the Mediterranean countries is enriched in particular by the permanent presence of our researchers in the Maghreb countries. Colleagues involved in this project are specialists of anthropology, economics, hydro(geo)logy, policy. G‐Eau has a strong capacity in project coordination and scientific regional networking, and has been involved in many Frenchsupported, bilateral, European and international projects: as an example, our previous works on the proposed sites were developed during INCOMED Wademed (2002‐2005), IWMI Comprehensive Assessment (2003‐2006), Sirma (2004‐2009), Aquimed (2008‐2011), FP6 Aquastress, FP7 Wassermed (2010‐2012), and also several MISTRALS/SICMED projects (DISHYME, RESAMED).
The laboratory GRED (Gouvernance, Risque, Environnement, Développement) includes researchers from IRD and from the University of Montpellier 3. It includes a team working on water governance in general and social management of irrigation systems in particular, with a focus on institutional issues. The team has gained experience on irrigation and water management in many parts of the world, including the Andes, Mexico, Brazil, sub‐saharian Africa and Southeast Asia, and has long been involved in research in the Mediterranean (notably the Maghreb countries, Jordan and Egypt), with a recent EU‐funded project on Institutional and Social Innovation in Irrigation Mediterranean Management (ISIIMM) deserving special mention. Social and Human Sciences are one of the main fields of activities of IRD and the Mediterranean is one of its main geographical priorities.
UMR GRED team:
Created in 1898, INAT (Institut National d’Agronomique de Tunis) is the oldest high school for engineers in Africa and Arabic countries. It is under the authority of the Institution of agronomic research and high study (IRESA).. The missions of INAT is the training and research in many fields (water management, agronomy and plant biotechnology, forest, desertification, animal production, fishery, food processing industry, plant diseases and rural economy and management). INAT has a strong cooperation with national, regional and international institutions (more than 50 universities in the 5 continents). INAT has been involved in many international projects, among bilateral Europe – Tunisia (with France, Spain, Italy, Belgium) projects, and European (FP4, FP6 and FP7) programmes and many others. The team involved in this project gathers specialists in remote sensing, agronomy, soil science with a strong knowledge of the physical and human aspects of the Merguellil catchment.
Professeur agroéconomiste à l’INAT
LSCE is a joint laboratory of CEA, CNRS and UVSQ and belongs to IPSL. It is a leader in Biocheochemical and Climate modelling and assimilation of land surface properties. It is largely implied in the IPCC and coordinates a large number of national and international projects. LSCE has a large experience in remote sensing of land surface properties and combination of modelling and remote sensing in different assimilation/inversion procedures. It has also a strong expertise in land surface modeling. It has developed in collaboration with other teams the ORCHIDEE and SETHYS land surface models that are used by different groups at the international level, and involved in various land surface models intercomparison projects.
The Cadi Ayyad University of Marrakech (UCAM, http://www.ucam.ac.ma) was created in 1978. UCAM has more than 200 conventions of collaborations with Mediterranean, European and North‐American social and economical institutions and Universities in different research
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